Mexico City occupies a territory that has been important in the history of the country since the appearance of man in the region 22,000 years ago (groups of nomadic hunters and gathers). Its boom began with the construction of the capital city Mexico-Tenochtitlan during the Aztec rule in 1325 AD. It was here in the valley of Mexico where the Aztecs saw the prophecy of the eagle on a cactus devouring a snake.
After the fall of Tenochtitlan in 1521, the city became the capital of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. Then, with the arrival of Mexican independence it was designated as a Federal District (D.F.) which would house the powers of the Union.
Mexico City tells the story of this country, as it has witnessed the biggest changes in its history. Its streets are a place of Aztec and cultural greatness, as well as showing the influence of the Spanish, and the times of President José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz Mori which left the city with one of its most beautiful buildings Bellas Artes Palace.
The mixture of modern buildings, colonial architecture, and archaeological remains give an air of timelessness because in this, one of the largest cities in the world, the ages meet, mingle and coexist creating a beautiful and unusual urban landscape.
Mexico City is also the capital of museums, arts, glamour and is the most important economic center in Mexico and Latin America. Its rich culture can be seen in the streets, museums and neighborhoods. Its geographic location lends itself to stunning natural landscapes with the volcanoes Popocatepetl and Iztaccihuatl, and the Ajusco area where winter weather is seen in the snowy mountains.
The D.F. (Federal District) offers visitors a wide range of cultural and entertainment activities worthy of a world class city as well as various public transportation options: the Metro, or subway, the Metrobus and the Turibus offering day and evening tours throughout the city’s historical center. One thing to eat in the D.F. are the famous guajolotas or tortas de tamal (which is a Mexican tamale sandwich), as well as the quesadillas with huitlacoche, the el Tlacoyo (a masa cake) and other dishes, all accompanied by red and green salsa.
The city is home to places on the World Heritage list by UNESCO among them is the historical center, Casa Taller Luis Barragán, and UNAM City University. Mexico City has been home to countless visual artists among them are the distinguished muralist Diego Rivera and his wife Frida Kahlo.
Mexico City is characterized by a sub-humid temperate climate in the center, as well as a dry and semi-dry to the northwest and humid to the southwest.
The warmest season happens during the months of March to May when the temperature rises above 25 ° C.
The coldest month is January with a minimum temperature of 5 ° C. The rainy season is during the summer months from June to September.
Attractions in Mexico City
Stroll through the historic center Zocalo or Main Plaza: Catedral Metropolitana, Museum and archaeological site of the Templo Mayor, Nacional Palace, Bellas Artes Palace (Palace of Fine Arts), Alameda Central (park)
Latinoamericana Tower, Chapultepec Castle, Chapultepec Zoo
Walk in the Coyoacán borough. Walk in San Ángel neighborhood
The archaeological site of Tenochtitlan
Plaza de las Tres Culturas
Universidad Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM)
Basilica de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe
Tlalpan Forest, San Juan de Aragon Forest, Coyotes Forest, Los Venados Park, Hundido Park Tezozomoc, Park Los Dynamos Forest, Mexico Tláhuac Forest España Park, Viveros Coyoacan, Tree nursery and park Bicentennial Park
National auditorium theater
Nightlife in Zona Rosa, Polanco, Condesa and the Historical Center.
Turibus INAH Tours
First class commercial center
Xochimilco Ecological Reserve, Cerro de la Estrella National Park, Desierto de los Leone, National Park Cumbres del Ajusco, National Park Sierra de Guadalupe.